Gardening Do’s & Don’ts

Growing flowers can be so much fun as you watch the seeds begin peeking out of the soil and begin growing. I have learned a few things as I have gardened with my boys and hopefully can pass on some experiences so that you can have a successful garden.


  • Read the growing instructions before purchasing your seeds. See if the plants require sun or shade or a mix.
  • Observe the plot of land where you are going to plant your flowers to see how much sun it receives in a day. If you are planning on growing something like sunflowers, be sure it has at least 6 hours of sun per day.
  • Select seeds that can be directly sown into the ground if you are not feeling adventurous in growing flowers from seed. Cosmos, zinnias, and poppies are great to try; I have had great success with all of these. Sunflowers come up readily in my garden from my bird feeders so I think they would work nicely too.
  •  If you would like to try and grow flowers from seed choose flowers that are easy to grow. It is disappointing to purchase seeds and then  find out that they require extra care than you had intended to give them.
  • Some plants are easy to start indoors and grow rather quickly such as marigolds and sunflowers. These are great for beginner gardeners as they are hardy and give you a thrill of seeing the plants flourish.
  • If beginning your plants indoors, begin 6-8 weeks before danger of frost has passed (May 15 here in SW Ohio). It is also okay to begin later, but this is the earliest you want to begin. Use seed starter soil and containers or peat pots so that you can transfer them outside after danger of frost is past.  I decided to grow my seeds in empty egg shells this year. I just thought it was a cheap way to use what I have on hand and perhaps the calcium from the egg would help?? The seed packet in the picture below is the Black Krim tomato, but the same principle applies for flowers. Follow the directions to plant and moisten the soil with a spray bottle.
  • Continue to keep your seeds’ soil moist and keep them in a warm, sunny place so that they can germinate.
  • Plant your flowers once they have two (or more) sets of true leaves.
  • Plant on a cloudy day if possible. Water seedlings in well, but don’t overdo it. Add a small amount of fertilizer  to give them a boost. After all, you want to give your flowers all the help needed to grow strong and healthy.


  • Don’t forget to plan where you are going to plants your flowers. Be sure you have the room for everything you want to grow.
  •  Resist being skimpy when sowing the seeds. Use the whole package if possible. Not every one of them will germinate and it is easier to thin out the plants than not have enough. If you are growing plants indoors, place two or three seeds in your peat pots or containers.
  • Avoid overwatering your seeds/seedlings or they will rot.
  • Steer clear of crowding your seedlings once they have begun to grow. Thin plants according to the directions once they have a set of true leaves or if you see them competing with the other plants. Choose the healthiest looking plant to keep.
  • Stay away from the mistake  I made in forgetting to mark where you have planted your seeds! I pulled up the seedlings thinking they were weeds. 😦
  • Plants begin to get “leggy” if they do not have enough sun because they are stretching to get every bit of those rays they can. Keep your seedlings in a sunny place that receives 6 or more hours of sunlight. If you do not have a spot that receives sunlight like that, place the seedlings on a tray so you can move them.
  • Hold off from directly planting your seedlings into the ground when they are ready. You want to first give them 5-7 days to “harden” outdoors. Pick a couple of warm days and place the seedlings in the shade. The plants need to become acclimated to the outdoors before you plant them in the ground.


Dale built a cold frame (picture above)  for me to harden off plants a couple of years after I began growing plants from seeds. He saw that this hobby was becoming an annual event and thought this would be helpful. It is just plywood on the sides, heavy plastic and a garden stake to be used to close the cover. It has been a big help, but you can just keep them in shade as I did for the first couple of years. Dale just notched the pieces of plywood so that it can be easily taken apart and stored. Here are directions for a different type of cold frame if you would like to build one. Cold Frame 


Hardening seedlings in cold frame

  • Lastly, don’t forget to pick your flowers and take them indoors to be enjoyed in your home and with others.

Happy gardening! Please feel free to post pictures of your gardening experiences;  I’d love to see them!


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